I was surprised when I first went to an IKEA store in Japan, which is said to be the world's largest furniture mass retailing conglomerate that originated in Sweden. In the hall near the doorway, there was a poster to the effect of the following.
"We Swedes love to get close to nature because anyone can freely enter and pass through the gardens around people's homes because of the idea that land belongs to everyone'." "Moominvalley" was recently opened in Hanno City, Saitama Prefecture, near Tokyo.
A fragmentary study of Moomin, which originated in Finland, came up with the idea of "right to enjoy nature."
■ Nature enjoyment right without paying consideration
"It is a customary law that has been around for a long time in Scandinavia, and it is a right that is granted to all people, including travelers other than their own country. For example, the following acts are permitted as user rights. Right of way (walking, walking, Right of way (skiing, car traffic), right of stay (short stay for rest, bathing, including staying in a tent), right of use of natural environment (use of yachts, motor boats, bathing, ice sports, fishing, etc.), fruit collection Rights (not paying the owner of the land, collecting wild fruits and mushrooms), prohibited acts are, in principle, destroying nature and annoying the owner. "
The idea that "land belongs to everyone" that I came across at IKEA was the customary law of the right to enjoy nature. This right is customarily protected regardless of whether it is state-owned land or private land, and the private property right of the land is severely restricted. Land owners are obliged to protect forests and renewable resources, have land ownership and use rights, and are obliged to maintain the natural environment.
■ Land-based Japan: Private property bloat
The current situation in Japan is the exact opposite. Bank loans are secured by land and adopt land-based capitalism, which is rare in the world. The bubble economy has insulted the Japanese with unusually high land prices and stock prices. Regardless of the size of the site, whether it is in an urban area or a rural area, there are usually strong fences and fences around the houses to prevent the invasion of the owner (others).
Abnormal hypertrophy of private desire. This is the cause of the family struggle. In childhood, Adults in the neighborhood who changed their blood phase chased after ,when we strip off chestnuts, summer oranges, etc. that grow beyond the fence. If you enter even one step without permission from the gate, the police may rush to.
■ Combination with Communism fear
If you insist that "land belongs to everyone," most Japanese who have received prewar education are likely to shout "Communist Party !!". The enactment of the Peace Preservation Law of 1925 following the Russian Revolution in 1917 added to this.
As I wrote in the article "Exploring the real image of the statue of Emperor Showa-To clear up before the war and coexist in Asia, modern Japan", which was published on January 27, 2020, Emperor Hirohito and his entourage Miyanaka group who took the throne in December 1926. Was shaken by the Russian Revolution in 1917 and the execution of the Emperor Nicholas II family in 1918. "
"Once in the Communist Party, ancestral lands will be confiscated", "Communism is horrifying !!"
Most of the people born in the patriarchal society before the defeat in 1945 from the Taisho era (1912-1926) said in the same way.
Private land ownership, family system, ancestor worship and communist phobia are one. It was the emperor system that covered it from above. The Communist Party / Communist Phobia (Forbia) clings to the roots of Japanese political consciousness.
The "communism terrifying" has taken root even more in the last 30 years of conservative leaning and anti-China campaigns.
2021 general election. The opposition party's joint struggle raised by the Japanese Communist Party, which put a heavy lid on the abolition of the emperor system and the abolition of Japan-US security. The anti-communist union "Union", which is not a union, flirted with the joint struggle, and the leading opposition party, the Constitutional Democratic Party, sat down. And the permanent defeat system against the United States by the Liberal Democratic Party continues.
■ Lights in Scandinavia
Scandinavian social democracy is one of the ways to find the light beyond that. The three countries with a population of less than 10 million at high latitudes that did not participate in the colonial war maintain a high burden and high welfare path, and continue to be ideologically developed countries. The idea of "paying for everyone in society" has overcome the patriarchal system. Here, the Social Democratic government continues.
[Photo] Olof Palme, the charismatic leader of the Swedish Social Democratic Party, who served as Prime Minister for two terms and 11 years with a break from 1969 to 1986 in Sweden. In 1986, during his tenure as Prime Minister, he was shot dead on the streets of Stockholm with a pistol. In domestic affairs, there was controversy over the nationalization program of large companies. In foreign policy, he took the initiative in Third World issues and the United Nations Disarmament Commission (Palmé).
Since the Meiji Restoration, the Japanese have not turned their attention to Scandinavia, and Europe has become almost the "British, French, German" of the great powers. This harmful effect is great.