Independent and free is composed of citizens, separation of powers, substitute discussions regulations made democracy as the basis "nation-state". It originated in Western Europe in the 19th century and has become established almost all over the world today in the 21st century. At the end of the 20th century, when goods, money , people , and information began to cross as if there were no borders, some dreamed of a borderless oneworld that would overcome the barriers of the nation-state . But in the summer of 2020, Utopia disappeared from sight . The US Declaration of the Cold War against China is once again about to divide the world into two blocks led by two superpowers . "Communism of the assay to victory, changing the China such shall" (July 23, Pompeo US Secretary of State ). What is the American sentiment that supports the will to overthrow this "communist China" ?
■ Country of "Selection"
Since its founding, the United States has had the idea of being a "good choice" in the world. It is condensed into a metaphorical expression of "A City Upon a Hill" based on the superiority complex of American exceptionalism. The town on the hill is constantly gazed at from below. Similarly, the eyes of American society are constantly being drawn from other worlds, and there is a belief in the United States that this society should become the norm of the whole world. The "hilltop town" was born of a Puritan who settled in New England . As people who contracted with God, they believed that they were the "choices" chosen to guide the rest of the planet.
"City on the hill" is synonymous with "the kingdom of free and just God" that the Puritans who fled the national religious persecution and went to the New World America tried to create, which is also in the United States Declaration of Independence and the United States Constitution. It is reflected.
However, since the United States called itself a "global policeman" after World War II, it has become hostile to all beings that "threate" its leadership position. This sense of superiority tends to be an unreasonable passion.
■ "Enlightenment" and "securing interests"
The policy of seeing China as a rival has been around since the Trump administration, and it has recently been conspicuous that the Obama administration's indecisive involvement policy has increased China. The policies of successive US administrations, including the Trump administration, have been based on a balance between restraint and involvement. The Obama administration has set out a historic turning policy to the Pacific Ocean, that is, East Asia's top priority, and has positioned the United States as a Pacific nation and implemented the emphasis of US troops on the Asia-Pacific region. It was a measure to contain China, a rival with a remarkable advance into the ocean. The Trump administration has taken a policy of involvement, and its characteristics are the radicalness and crudeness of the language.
In the mid-1980s, the value of trade between the Pacific Ocean surpassed that between the Atlantic Ocean, and the East Asian economy became a clear leader in the world. Upon entering the 21st century, " the rise was China", "China to expand" the world's eye has been poured. As pointed out in the article " Around China, from confrontation to" cooperation "history of Japan-US relations," the driving force that drove the United States toward the Pacific Ocean and the continent of China and Eurasia was "a clear mission (a clear mission). It was a kind of enlightenment slogan called "Manifest Destiny)" . It says, "Civilization moves from ancient Greece and Rome to England , then across the Atlantic Ocean to the North American continent , and then across the Pacific Ocean to the west and orbits the earth to the Asian continent . " Was based on .
Portrait Description : John O'Sullivan ( 1813 November 15 - 1895, March 24 ). United States of columnist , editor. In 1845, when the Texas annexation and the Oregon Country border were at stake, the term " manifest destiny " was first used to justify the western expansion of the United States .
This slogan regarded the expansion of the United States as " civilization " and "mandate of heaven," and justified the massacre of Indians and the invasion of the West. 19 century to the end of " frontier and" disappears, the slogan is directed to the westward of the Pacific Ocean, the Spanish-American War, the US ratio of war , of Hawaii and Guam , such as annexation, of US imperialism and words to justify a specific territorial expansion became.
■ Absolute superiority complex
Pompeo has declared the overthrow of communist China, but whether China is communist or not, mainstream Americans have consistently deceived China into a "nation of respect for human rights, freedom and democracy." I've been dressed in. It is a mixture of political hegemony, a strong will for economic interests, and a desire to show one's absolute superiority.
The United States has traditionally pretended to be on a mission to "civilize" China through the spread of Christianity. But the first purpose, needless to say, is to pursue profits. In other words, it was to enter the Chinese division and maximize economic interests in the name of free trade. In 1899, Secretary of State John Hay sent a note to six countries: Britain, Germany, Russia, Japan, Italy, and France . This is the so-called Open Door Declaration. The United States , which acquired the Philippines in the Spanish- American War in 1898 and built a bridgehead to advance into China, appealed for equal opportunity to the European powers that divided China and tried to form an international situation favorable to its own country. .. It eventually leads to a conflict with Japan over Manchuria.
■ System change behind democratization
Today, the keyword is not "civilization" but "anti-American overthrow" with the excuses of "anti-communism" and "democratization." As Eisenhower worried, after World War II, the military-industrial complex began to walk alone, and through sabotage of intelligence agencies along with Wall Street, oil majors, etc., in the name of world democratization, "anti-US regime change" and pro-US The establishment of a government has been repeatedly attempted. The media reports this as an activity as a "world policeman."
The foreign activities behind the United States after World War II can be said to be an anti-American regime change work, in the extreme. There is no time to list military coups in Iran (overthrow of the Mosadek administration), overthrow of the Agende administration in Chile, the Arab Spring, the collapse of the Kadafi regime in Libya, and the Ukraine coup. Communist China is by no means acceptable to the United States, which has supported Chiang Kai-shek's Kuomintang even after Japan's defeat. The "reconciliation" with Communist China, which embarked on a reform and opening policy after the end of the Cultural Revolution following President Nixon's visit to China in the 1970s, was a temporary convenience, and Pompeo's declaration of overthrow of Communist China exposed the true intentions of the US conservative mainstream. You should see.
Former "obvious Naru mission ( slogan of Manifest Destiny)" was handed to "freedom and human rights, evangelism of democracy". But the foreign political work behind the modern United States is trampling on this slogan. It relies on the same level of thought and passion as "Hakko Ichiu, a large roofed house built by Japan, the god of the emperor, to free Asian countries from colonial rule by Western imperialists." It is no exaggeration to say that it is.
■ The inevitable US-China Cold War
China experienced an unprecedented cataclysm in the 19th century . Needless to say, after the Opium War of 1842, in 1949 in it was unprecedented humiliation of the century, about 100 years until the establishment of the People's Republic of China. It was pushed down from the position of the historic power of the world to the position of the bottom country of the world by the Western powers and the emerging country Japan . We must think about this drastic change in circumstances.
Let me give you an example. It is also necessary to view China's advance into the western Pacific as a counterattack against the unilateral and hegemonic Pacific rule by the United States. Isn't the forcible claim of sovereignty in the South China Sea a strong objection to the rule order created by the powers of the US and European powers? It cannot be admitted, but we should also pay attention to the distortion of the US-led international view.
Cultural Revolution generation of Xi Jinping to worship Mao Zedong. At the bottom of the Chinese leadership was, of course, the determination to "overthrow US imperialism and free the world's people." There is no doubt that the Chinese side also thinks that the time has come to clarify its position as a world leader in response to the great achievements of the reform and opening policy. The US-China Cold War was inevitable.
However, modern China relies entirely on the market economy , which is extremely difficult to understand as a socialist country. We are conducting an unprecedented experiment to guide "state capitalism" by the one-party dictatorship of the Communist Party. China Seven, the top seven members of the party's political bureau, will lead 1.4 billion people. It now seems that the country is barely united with the enjoyment of economic affluence and the prehistoric and intense nationalism of "the great reconstruction of the Chinese people." The foundation may be more fragile than you might imagine , as the Soviet Union collapsed thirty years ago .
The reform and open policy has filled the world with Chinese products (Made in China). China is not the only country to enjoy it. More than that, multinational capital, mainly the United States, Europe and Japan, has made enormous profits. In the early days of investment in China, Western capital was tolerant of technology transfer and transfer of intellectual property rights. Forty years later, the West began to be terrified by the rapid expansion of China's state-of-the-art technology and military power, which is symbolized by 5G, and is heading for a break.
How will the formation of the Greater China block proceed, separating from the capital of the United States, Europe and Japan? Can the West withstand the "major bleeding" of losing China's finances, financial strength and huge supply chain ? We are heading into an era of historic cataclysms .